Blood Pressure and Normal Pulse Rate
Blood pressure and a normal pulse rate are the two primary indicators of physical healthiness of an individual. Pulse rate is a term which refers to the number of times heart of a person beats in a minute. It is normally measured at the wrist, temple, neck, back of the knee and inside of the foot. On the other hand, blood pressure is the force that the blood applies on your arterial walls while flowing.
As per the National Institute of Health, the pulse rate of a new born infant is about 100 to 160 beats per minute. Children between the ages of 1 year to 10 years have its pulse rate between 60 to 120 beats per minute. The pulse rate of children above 10 years and adults have the pulse rate ranging from 60 to 100 beats per minute. Normal blood pressure of a healthy average individual is 120/80 or below that. The number at the top is the systolic pressure which is the pressure of blood in vessels during the contraction of the heart chamber and pushing of blood in the arteries. The lower number is the diastolic blood pressure which is the pressure when the heart is in relaxed state and getting in blood.
A blood pressure from 121/81 to 139/89 is considered as a case of abnormal and high blood pressure but is not a serious rise. It is called pre-hypertension. The condition becomes serious when the pressure rises above 140/90. It is then a case of high blood pressure. An individual can also suffer from different types of hypertension like when the systolic blood pressure rises but the diastolic blood pressure remains normal. The reciprocal may also occur. Treatment of these hypertension cases is tougher as trying to reduce pressure on top or the bottom number may also show a similar effect on the other [art of the fraction. So, a proper balanced blood pressure, both systolic and diastolic is essential. Pulse rate is also a role player and a proper pulse rate keeps your heart healthy. Rise of pulse rate may lead to heart problems like valve failure and even heart attacks.
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