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Importance of Blood Pressure Chart

May 23, 2013 aboutbloodpressure blood pressure chart

High blood pressure is a disease in which the pressure applied on your arteries by the blood flowing through it rises above normal. This disease has become very common these days and is often found in people who are above the age of 30. Blood pressure is measured in the form of a ratio of systolic and diastolic pressure. A sphygmomanometer is a device used to measure the blood pressure of a person. It is a device that uses mercury level to calculate the BP. New electronic devices have been developed but they are not as reliable as the mercury-based devices.

Systolic blood pressure is the measurement when the heart contracts and pushes blood in to the arteries. On the other hand, diastolic blood pressure is the pressure of the blood when the heart relaxes. Systolic pressure is the higher end pressure while the diastolic pressure is the lower end pressure. The BP reading of a person is read in the form of a ratio. 120.80 mm Hg is the reading for normal blood pressure. Any reading above this would be a case of high blood pressure and lower than this would be a case of lower blood pressure.

A blood pressure chart serves as a guide that helps you understand and relate your blood pressure with the chart. It helps you find if you are suffering from high blood pressure, low blood pressure, or in a stage where you are about to step into a condition of blood pressure problem, high or low. Here is an example of a simple blood pressure chart.

Systolic no. mm Hg Diastolic no. mm Hg Category What to do?
Below 120 Below 80 Normal BP Maintain your food and lifestyle habit
120 – 139 80 – 89 Pre-hypertension Adopt a heart healthy lifestyle
140 – 159 90 – 99 Stage 1 Hypertension Adopt a healthy lifestyle and if the readings do not get normal, talk to your doctor and have proper medication
160 or above 100 or above Stage 2 Hypertension Adopt a healthy lifestyle and consult your doctor to have more than one medication for the disease

The normal human blood pressure of a person may vary throughout the day, so readings taken at a specific time might not be the exact blood pressure of an individual. The readings should therefore be taken several times a day and then the average BP should be calculated on that basis.

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