Normal Blood Pressure for Women
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted on the walls of the arteries by the blood flow. It is not a vital sign by itself, but is measured along with the vital signs like pulse rate, etc. When the heart pumps the blood into the arteries, it is done with force and that creates the pressure. This is also the reason why arteries or efferent vessels have thicker walls than the veins or afferent vessels. It is measured in two parts: systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. When the heart contracts, pushing the blood into the arteries, the pressure of blood is highest and is known as the systolic pressure. In contrast, when the heart relaxes between beats, the blood pressure falls and this is the diastolic pressure.
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